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Акула-гоблин (15 фото + видео)

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Акула-гоблин, акула-домовой, акула-носорог или скапаноринх (лат. Mitsukurina owstoni) — глубоководная акула, единственный представитель рода Акулы-домовые или Скапаноринхи (Mitsukurina).

Свое название получила за причудливую внешность: морда этой акулы заканчивается длинным клювовидным выростом, а длинные челюсти могут далеко выдвигаться. Имя акула-гоблин — перевод японского слова tenguzame, именно так японские рыбаки называли ее. Название возникло благодаря гоблину tengu из японского фольклора, у которого был длинный нос, похожий на морду этой акулы.

Окраска также необычна и уникальна среди акул: близка крозовой (кожа полупрозрачна, и кровеносные сосуды просвечивают сквозь нее). У заспиртованного варианта такие оттенки пропадают, и экземпляр становится коричневым. Ребра имеют слегка синеватый оттенок.  У нее продолговатая голова, крошечные глазки и пять коротких жаберных отверстий. Рот большой, параболической формы, тело – мягкое и дряблое.

Акула гоблин является донной акулой, которую редко можно увидеть на поверхности или в неглубоких прибрежных водах. Большинство образцов было поймано на глубине между 270 и 960м.

Питается различными глубоководными организмами: рыбой, моллюсками, ракообразными. Передние зубы — длинные и острые, а задние — приспособлены для раздавливания раковин. Челюсти подвижны, способны выдвигаться наружу. Акула-домовой ловит добычу, выдвигая челюсти и втягивая в пасть воду вместе с жертвой. Вырост на носу содержит большое количество электрочувствительных клеток и помогает акуле находить добычу в глубоководной темноте. Печень очень велика — достигает 25 % массы тела (как и у некоторых других видов акул, она заменяет плавательный пузырь).  

Потенциально опасна для человека, хотя шансов случайно встретиться с ней очень и очень мало — ввиду большой редкости этой акулы. 

С гоблином удавалось столкнуться всего несколько раз, о ней известно очень немного. Это медленная глубоководная морская акула, которая обитает на глубинах от 200 метров и выше в морях во всем мире. Акулы-гоблины наблюдались в Индийском океане, Тихом океане и большей части Атлантики. Они часто попадались в водах вокруг Японии, где и были обнаружены впервые.














 

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Добавлено: 03:24 - 21.07.2018
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